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What do you know about Madrid?


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Madrid, the capital city of Spain, is a favored destination for both tourists and those seeking to reside in the country. It is Spain's largest city and has a lengthy history that dates back to the 9th Century when it was named 'Mayrit' by the Moors who inhabited it.


In the 12th century, Madrid was captured by King Alfonso VI of Castile, who renamed it. It grew and developed into a vital cultural center during the 16th and 17th centuries.


In the 18th century, Madrid became Spain's capital, and many new infrastructure projects and buildings were constructed to enhance its growth and development. Today, Madrid is a crucial economic and transportation center for Spain and home to several prestigious universities and cultural institutions. Its rich heritage is reflected in its famous landmarks, museums, universities, and historical buildings.


Madrid boasts several world-renowned museums, including the Prado Museum, Reina Sofia Museum, and Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum.


It is impossible to discuss Madrid without mentioning its famous football team, Real Madrid, who play at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium. Founded in 1902, Real Madrid is undoubtedly Spain's most successful football club, having won 68 domestic trophies and 13 European Cup/Champions League titles, among others.

In addition to football, Madrid has much to offer visitors. Here we provide insights into other aspects of the city, such as its population, climate, and popular attractions.


Population by Nationality:

Madrid is a popular destination for job seekers, resulting in a diverse population of residents from various nationalities. According to the National Statistics Institute (INE) 2022 report, Madrid's population was 6,750,336, of which 14.07% (949,969) were foreign nationals.


Approximately 278,000 of these foreign nationals are from the European Union. Romanian nationals make up the largest foreign community with 144,694 residents, followed by those from Morocco (77,369), Venezuela (67,710), Colombia (67,354), China (60,148), Peru (47,024), Italy (43,464), Honduras (36,337), Ecuador (33,405), Paraguay (26,264), Dominican Republic (22,823), Ukraine (22,497), Portugal (19,717), Bulgaria (18,293), Bolivia (16,369), France (16,302), Poland (13,045), Great Britain (11,831), and the United States (11,570).



Madrid has a population of 6,750,336, with 3,230,154 men and 3,520,182 women. The population is divided into 1,042,758 individuals under the age of 16, 4,471,269 individuals between the ages of 16 and 64, and 1,236,309 individuals aged 65 and above.



Madrid has a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers, mild winters, and occasional rainfall. The summer months are generally warm to hot with temperatures frequently reaching the mid to high 30s Celsius (mid to high 90s Fahrenheit). Winters are mild to cool, with temperatures ranging from around 5 to 15 degrees Celsius (40s to 50s Fahrenheit). Rainfall is more common in autumn and winter, with occasional heavy thunderstorms, while snowfall is rare but can occur. It is advisable to carry layers of clothing and be prepared for rain if visiting during the autumn or winter months.



Madrid is home to several public and private universities, including some prestigious public ones such as Complutense University of Madrid, which was founded in 1293 and offers a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs in various fields. Carlos III University of Madrid is known for its programs in economics, business, and political science, while Polytechnic University of Madrid is famous for its engineering, technology, architecture, and design programs. Autonoma University of Madrid is a public research university with a reputation for social sciences, law, and economics, founded in 1968, and Rey Juan Carlos University is known for its programs in law, engineering, and business, founded in 1996. All of these universities are highly respected institutions, offering competitive undergraduate and graduate programs with a good reputation in their respective fields of study.



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